Evolution of the Web : WEB 3.0
Post By Saksham Garg on 15-May-2015
You have a date in an hour. She wants to watch an action film. She loves to eat Chinese. Later she’d like to have ice cream from Baskin Robins. Now, if you Google “An action movie in a theatre which has a Chinese restaurant nearby along with Baskin Robins”, sadly, isn’t going to yield any results. Well not yet. Come Web 3.0, and believe it or not this search might give you just the right answer.
So what is Web 3.0? Before that let’s understand what’s Web 2.0 and is there a Web 1.0. It all began in 1989, when a software engineer Tim Berners-Lee gave birth to what is known as World Wide Web. Like inventions arise from necessity, this world changing idea emerged from a frustration- a frustration that there was such a large volume of data in the world but no easy way to access it. And so he said let there be light. Or rather let there be Web. This was Web 1.0, which gave the user access to unlimited resources all over the world. But that’s it. User had no interaction with this immense data. All this changed with the starting of Web 2.0, the present web you are using, probably unaware of this fact. It gave users the power to interact with the data- from posting videos on YouTube to editing Wikipedia pages to commenting your views to posting articles on Radicalnews.in- that is, the user could directly add or append the data on the internet.
But that’s not enough. Looking at my date example, you can very well see there is scope for improvement, for perfecting this ‘Web’. Some experts believe that the foundation for Web 3.0 will be application programming interfaces (APIs). An API is an interface designed to allow developer to create applications that take advantage of a certain set of resources. Many Web 2.0 sites include APIs that give programmers access to the sites' unique data and capabilities. For example, Facebook’s API allows developers to create programs that use Facebook as a staging ground for games, quizzes, product reviews and more.
In a much broader sense, Web 3.0 works in the concept of ‘linked data’. Let’s go back to the date example again. Web 3.0 would automatically link action movie to Chinese restaurants nearby to Baskin Robins. As Tim Berners-Lee explained in his TED TALK, this system of Web would work on the principle of ‘Every one contributes their little bit to the internet, which would result in a very detailed data base’. Of course, this is time consuming since the return won’t be quick.
So what would it be like working in Web 3.0? It would be like working on a more intelligent internet, one which merely doesn’t match your search to keywords in the internet data base, but also gives results based on your interests and preferences. The internet would in a way, become a more personalised experience. But there are always two sides of a coin. The possibilities Web 3.0 will unleash are quite thrilling and yet there are a few concerns. Since it’ll work on the preferences of the user, they can easily manipulate the results for their own benefits or business. Also as more and more data is linked, it’ll certainly invade one’s privacy. It’ll then become a necessity to have a check or control over this flow of data.
All in all, Web 3.0 is an upgrade everyone is eagerly looking forward to.